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mx id: 883 | OBO id: HAO:0000155 | URI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000155
axilla synonyms: juxtascutellum, parapsis, parapteron, parascutellum, parattero del mesonoto, posterolateral lobe, postscutum, praescutellum, prescutellum, proscutellum
Defined (both definition and relationships must be met)
Definition:
The area that is located posterior to the transscutal articulation and anterior to the scutoscutellar suture.
written by: Karlsson, D., and F. Ronquist. 2012. Skeletal Morphology of Opius dissitus and Biosteres carbonarius, with a Discussion of Terminology and Morphological Variation in Opiinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). PLoS ONE 7:1-38.

Relationships / properties:
The axilla is a area.
The axilla is part of the cuticle. The axilla is part of the mesoscutellar-axillar complex.

Figures
Tremex columba Linnaeus, 1763
Opius dissitus Muesebeck
Opius dissitus Muesebeck

Label usage (sensu)
axilla by Gibson, G. A. P. 1985. Some pro- and mesothoracic structures important for phylogenetic analysis of Hymenoptera, with a review of the terms used for the structures. Canadian Entomologist 117:1395-1443.
postscutum by Gibson , G. A. P., J. D. Read , and R. Fairchild. 1998. Chalcid wasps (Chalcidoidea): illustrated glossary of positional and morphological terms ..
axilla by Gibson , G. A. P., J. D. Read , and R. Fairchild. 1998. Chalcid wasps (Chalcidoidea): illustrated glossary of positional and morphological terms ..
praescutellum by Gibson , G. A. P., J. D. Read , and R. Fairchild. 1998. Chalcid wasps (Chalcidoidea): illustrated glossary of positional and morphological terms ..
parascutellum by Gibson , G. A. P., J. D. Read , and R. Fairchild. 1998. Chalcid wasps (Chalcidoidea): illustrated glossary of positional and morphological terms ..
axilla by Miko, I. 2009. -2019 Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.
axilla by Karlsson, D., and F. Ronquist. 2012. Skeletal Morphology of Opius dissitus and Biosteres carbonarius, with a Discussion of Terminology and Morphological Variation in Opiinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). PLoS ONE 7:1-38.
axilla by Thomson, C. G. 1876. Hymenoptera Scandinaviae Part 4 Pteromalus., 309 pp.
parapteron by MacLeay, W. 1830. Explanation of the comparative anatomy of the thorax in winged insects, with a review of the present state of the nomenclature of its parts. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 5:145-179.
proscutellum by Escherich, K. 1906. Ueber die Biologie der Ameisen. Zoologisches Zentralblatt 13:405-440.
juxtascutellum by Crampton, G. 1914. Notes on the thoracic sclerites of winged insects. Entomological News (Philadelphia) 25:15-25.
prescutellum by Crampton, G. 1914. On the misuse of the terms parapteron, hypopteron, tegula, squamula, patagium and scapula. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 22:248-261.
parascutellum by Crampton, G. 1914. On the misuse of the terms parapteron, hypopteron, tegula, squamula, patagium and scapula. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 22:248-261.
postscutum by Bucher, G. 1948. The anatomy of Monodontomerus dentipes Boh, an entomophagus chalcid. Canadian Journal of Research, Section D, Zoological Sciences 26:230-281.
parapsis by Bracken, D. 1961. The external morphology of two eastern species of the genus Anoplonyx (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae), with special reference to Anoplonyx luteipes (Cresson). Canadian Entomologist 93:573-593.
parattero del mesonoto by Emery, C. 1900. Intorno al torace delle formiche e particolarmente dei neutri. Bullettino della SocietĂ  Entomologica Italiana 32:103-119.
posterolateral lobe by Saini, M., S. Dhillon, and R. Aggarwal. 1982. Skeletomuscular differences in the thorax of winged and non-winged forms of Camponotus camelinus (Smith) (Hym, Formicidae). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 29:447-458.
Comments and tags
alternative definition added about 10 years ago by Istvan Miko
Usually paired, often triangular regions posterior to the mesoscutum that usually appear as anterolateral regions of the scutellum; the term is usually used for the entire structure but each axilla has both a dorsal surface and a lateral panel of the axilla.
  Reference: Gibson , G. A. P., J. D. Read , and R. Fairchild. 1998. Chalcid wasps (Chalcidoidea): illustrated glossary of positional and morphological terms ..
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added about 8 years ago by Kelly Dew
The area delimited anteriorly by the transscutal articulation and posteriorly by a virtual line along the scutoscutellar sulcus, including the mesoscutellar pit if present, to the mesonotal margin, but not including the postalar process if present.
  Reference: Karlsson, D., and F. Ronquist. 2012. Skeletal Morphology of Opius dissitus and Biosteres carbonarius, with a Discussion of Terminology and Morphological Variation in Opiinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). PLoS ONE 7:1-38.
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added over 10 years ago by Istvan Miko
Paired areas on mesonotum laterad scutellum
  Reference: Masner, L., and J. L. GarcĂ­a. 2002. The genera of Diapriinae (Hymenoptera: Diapriidae) in the new world. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 268:107-138.
  Cross reference: None provided.


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