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All references linking terms to concepts in this project (441)

This list is comprised of those references that have been explicitly tied to both a term and a concept therefor linking the two.

Adler, H. 1877. Lege-Apparat und Eierlegen der Gallwespen. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 21:305-322.

Alam , S. M. 1952. Studies on 'skeleto-muscular mechanism' of the male genitalia in Stenobracon deesae Cam . Beiträge zur Entomologie 2:620-634.

Alam, S. M. 1951. The skeleto-muscular mechanism of Stenobracon deesae Cameron (Braconidae, Hymenoptera) - An ectoparasite of sugarcane and juar borers of India Part I Head and thorax. Aligarh Muslim University Publications (Zoological Series) on Indian Insect Types 3:1-174.

Albertson, G. W. 1921. A comparative study of the mouth parts of Vespa maculata Linn. (worker), ~ meIlifica Linn. (worker), Andrena pem1exa Smith (female) and Macremphytes varinas Norton (female). Contrib. BioI. Lab. Catholic Univ. Amer., Washington, D. C.

Alexander, B. A. 1992. An exploratory analysis of cladistic relationships within the superfamily Apoidea, with special reference to sphecid wasps (Hymenoptera). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 1:25-61.

André, E. 1879. Species des Hymenopteres d'Europe et d'Algerie., 1012 pp.

Arnold, G. 1951. Sphecidae and Pompilidae (Hymenoptera) collected by Mr K M Guichard in West Africa and Ethiopia 1941-48. Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History, Entomology 2:95-183.

Arora, G. L. 1956. The relationship of the Symphyta (Hymenoptera) to other orders of insects on the basis of adult external morphology. Research Bulletin of the East Punjab University (Zoology) 90:85-119.

Ashmead, W. H. 1893. A monograph of the North American Proctotrypidae. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 45:1-472.

Ashmead, W. H. 1903. Classification of the fossorial, predaceous and parasitic wasps or the superfamily vespoidea. The Canadian Entomologist 35:39-44.

Audouin, M. 1821. Observationes sur organes copulateures mâles des Bourdons Rapport lit par Latreille en lundi 9 avril . Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 8:285-289.

Austin, A. 1983. Morphology and mechanics of the ovipositor system of Ceratobaeus Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) and related genera. International Journal of Insect Morphology and Embryology 12:139-155.

Austin, A. D., and S. A. Field. 1997. The ovipositor system of the scelionid and platygastrid wasps (Hymenoptera: Platygastroidea): comparative morphology and phylogenetic implications,. Invertebrate Taxonomy 11:1-87.

Azevedo, C. O. 1999. Additions to the Neotropical Epyrinae (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae), with description of a new species of Lepidosternopsis from Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia 87:11-18.

Azevedo, C. O. 1999. Revision of the Neotropical Dissomphalus Ashmead, 1893 (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae) with median tergal process. Arquivos de Zoologia do Estado de São Paulo 35:301-394.

Azevedo, C. O. 2008. Characterization of the types of the Neotropical Pseudisobrachium (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae), with a key to species. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 25:737-801.

Azevedo, C. O. 2014. Synopsis of Bakeriella Kieffer, 1910 (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae). Zootaxa 3878:501-535.

Balhoff, J. P. 2011. Ontology Curator..

Balhoff, J., I. Mikó, M. J. Yoder, P. Mullins, and A. R. Deans. 2013. A semantic model for species description, applied to the ensign wasps (Hymenoptera: Evaniidae) of New Caledonia. Systematic Biology in press.

Barbosa, D. N., and C. O. Azevedo. 2009. Laelius Ashmead (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae) from Madagascar, with description of two new species. Zootaxa 2170:1-17.

Barbosa, D. N., and C. O. Azevedo. 2011. Phylogeny and reclassifi cation of Laelius (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae) and description of four new species. Insect Systematics and Evolution 42:237-275.

Bartlet, E., R. Romani, I. Williams , and N. Isidoro. 1999. Functional anatomy of sensory structures on the antennae of Psylliodes chrysocephala L (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). International Journal of Insect Morphology and Embryology 28:291-300.

Basibuyuk, H. H., and D. L. J. Quicke. 1995. Morphology of the antenna cleaner in the Hymenoptera with particular reference to non-aculeate families (Insecta). Zoologica Scripta 24:157-177.

Basibuyuk, H. H., and D. L. J. Quicke. 1997. Hamuli in the Hymenoptera (Insecta) and their phylogenetic implications . Journal of Natural History 31:1563-1585.

Basibuyuk, H. H., D. L. J. Quicke, A. P. Rasnitsyn, and M. G. Fitton. 2000. Morphology and sensilla of the orbicula, a sclerite between the tarsal claws, in the Hymenoptera. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 93:625-636.

Beck, D. E. 1933. A morphological study of the male genitalia of various genera of bees. Proceedings of the Utah Academy of Sciences 10:89-137.

Belokobylskij, S. A., and D. L. J. Quicke. 2000. Seven new genera of the subfamily Doryctinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) from the Old World. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 9:111-141.

Belokobylskij, S., R. Wharton, and J. La Salle. 2004. Australian species of the genus Opius Wesmael (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) attacking leaf-mining Agromyzidae, with the description of a new species from South-east Asia . Australian Journal of Entomology 43:138-147.

Berlese, A. 1909. Gli insetti: ioro organizzazione, sviluppo, abitudini e rapporti coll'uomo Volume primo embriologia e morphologia. Via Kramer, Milano 1044 pp.

Bertone, M. A. 2009. HAO Curator..

Betts, A. D. 1923. Practical bee anatomy.Benson. 88 pp.

Beutel, R. G., F. Friedrich, S.-Q. Ge, and X.-K. Yang. 2014. Insect morphology and phylogeny. De Gruyter, 516 pp.

Beutel, R., and E. Baum. 2008. A longstanding entomological problem finally solved? Head morphology of Nannochorista (Mecoptera, Insecta) and possible phylogenetic implications. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 46:346-367.

Beutel, R., and L. Vilhelmsen. 2007. Head anatomy of Xyelidae (Hexapoda: Hymenoptera) and phylogenetic implications. Organisms, Diversity & Evolution 7:207-230.

Bigelow, R. S. 1954. MORPHOLOGY OF THE FACE IN THE HYMENOPTERA. Canadian Journal of Zoology 32:378-392.

Bin, F. F. 1981. Defintion of female antennal clava based on its plate sensilla in Hymenoptera Scelionidae Telenominae. Redia 64:245-261.

Birket-Smith, S. J. R. 1981. The male genitalia of Hymenoptera – a review based on morphology in Dorylidae (Formicoidea) . Entomologica Scandinavica, Supplement 15:377-397.

Blaimer, B. B. 2011. Untangling complex morphological variation: taxonomic revision of the subgenus Crematogaster (Oxygyne) in Madagascar, with insight into the evolution and biogeography of this enigmatic ant clade (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Systematic Entomology.

Bohart, R. M. 1990. New species of Solierella from western North America (Hymenoptera, Sphecidae). Psyche 97:193-202.

Bohart, R. M. 1992. The genus Oxybelus in Chile (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae, Crabroninae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 1:157-163.

Bohart, R. M., and A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World A Generic Revision. University of California Press, Berkeley 696 pp.

Bohart, R. M., and A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World, A Generic Revision. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA 695 pp.

Bolton, B. 1990. Abdominal characters and status of the cerapachyine ants (Hymenotpera, Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 24:53-68.

Bolton, B. 1994. Identification Guide to the Ant Genera of the World. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Bolton, B., and B. L. Fisher. 2008. The Afrotropical ponerine ant genus Asphinctopone Santschi (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 1827:53-61.

Bordas, L. 1893

Borden, J. H., L. Chong, and A. Rose. 1978. Morphology of the elongate placoid sensillum on the antennae of Itoplectis conquisitor. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 71:223-227.

Börner, C. 1919. Stammesgeschichte der Hautflügler. Biologisches Zentralblatt 39:145-186.

Boulangé, H. 1914. L'appareil copulateur de Tenthredella temula Scop. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 1914:260-266.

Boulangé, H. 1914. Sur les appareils copulateurs de Dolerus gonager F et de Dolerus nigratus MUII [Hym Tenthredinidae]. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 1914:416-418.

Boulangé, H. 1924. Recherches sur l’appareil copulateur des Hyménoptères et spécialement des Chalastogastres. Mémoires et Travaux de la Faculté Catholique de Lille 28:1-444.

Boxshall, G. A. 2004. The evolution of Arthropod limbs. Biological Reviews 79:253-300.

Bracken, D. 1961. The external morphology of two eastern species of the genus Anoplonyx (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae), with special reference to Anoplonyx luteipes (Cresson). Canadian Entomologist 93:573-593.

Brock, J. 1982. A systematic study of the genus Ophion in Britain (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 125:57-97.

Brothers , D. 2012. HAO contributor..

Brothers, D. 1975. Phylogeny and classification of the aculeate Hymenoptera, with special reference to Mutillidae. Kansas University Science Bulletin 50:483-648.

Brothers, D. J. 1970. Discovery of the Mutillid Subfamily Typhoctinae in South America, with Description of a New Species (Hymenoptera). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 43:302-308.

Brothers, D. J. 1994. A New Genus and Four New Species of Mutillidae Associated with Brachyponera lutea Mayr (Formicidae) in Western Australia (Hymenop tera). Australian Journal of Entomology 33:143-152.

Brothers, D. J., and J. M. Carpenter. 1993. Phylogeny of Aculeatea: Chrysidoidea and Vespoidea. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 2:227-302.

Brown, W. L. 1974. A remarkable new island isolate in the ant genus Proceratium (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) . Psyche 81:70-83.

Brown, W. L. 1975. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae V Ponerinae, tribes Platythyreini, Cerapachyini, Cylindromyrmecini, Acanthostichini, and Aenictogitini. 15:1-115.

Bucher, G. 1948. The anatomy of Monodontomerus dentipes Boh, an entomophagus chalcid. Canadian Journal of Research, Section D, Zoological Sciences 26:230-281.

Buffington, M. 2007. The occurence and phylogenetic implications of the ovipositor clip with the Figitidae. Journal of Natural History 41:33-36.

Buffington, M. L. 2009. Description, circumscription and phylogenetics of the new tribe Zaeucoilini (Hymenoptera: Figitidae: Eucoilinae), including a description of a new genus . Systematic Entomology 34:162-187.

Buffington, M. L., and S. J. Sheffer. 2008. North American species of Agrostocynips Diaz (Hymenoptera: Figitidae: Eucoilinae), parasitoids of Agromyzidae (Diptera): bionomics and taxonomy . Zootaxa 1817:39-48.

Buffington, M. L., and S. van Noort. 2012. Revision of the Afrotropical Oberthuerellinae (Cynipoidea: Liopteridae). Zootaxa 202:1-154.

Buffington, M., and M. Forshage. 2014. The description of Garudella Buffington and Forshage, new genus (Hymenoptera: Figitidae: Eucoilinae)..

Buffington, M., and S. van Noort. 2013. Revision of the Afrotropical Mayrellinae (Cynipoidea: Liopteridae), with the first record of Paramblynotus from Madagascar. Zootaxa in prep.

Bugnion, E. 1888. Recherches sur le développement postembryonnaire, l'anatomie et les moeurs de l'Encyrtus fuscicollis . Reçu. zool. Suisse, prem. série 5:435-534.

Bugnion, E. 1923. Les organes buccaux de la Scolie (Scolia bifasciata Rossi). Bull. Soc. Ent. Suisse 13(6): 285-313.

Bugnion, E. 1924. Le sac infrabuccal et Ie pharynx des fourmis. Soc. BioI. Compt. Rend. 91: 998-1000.

Burks, K. 2015. Dendrocerus mexicali redescription. in prep.

Burks, R. 2011. personal communication..

Butcher, F. G. 1964. The Florida fig wasp, Secundeisenia mexicana (Ashm), and some of its hymenopterous symbionts. The Florida Entomologist 47:235-238.

Caleca, V., and G. Mineo. 1995. On the genus Dyscritobaeus Perkins, 1995 (Hymenoptera, Proctotrupoidea: Scelionidae). Bollettino del Laboratorio di Entomologia Agraria 'Filippo Silvestri' Portici 50:9-21.

Cameron, P. 1888. Insecta Hymenoptera (Families Tenthredinidae - Chrysididae) Vol 1. Biologia Centrali Americana 33:1-487.

Carayan, J. 1962. Observations sur l'appareil odorifique des Hétéroptères particulièrment celui des Tingidae, Vianaididae et Piesmatidae. Cahiers des Naturalistes 18:1-16.

Carlet, G. 1890. Mémoire sur le venin et l'aiguillon de l'Abeille. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie 9:1-17.

Carlson, S. D. 1990. STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF INSECT GLIA. Annual Review of Entomology 35:597-621.

Carpenter, J. M., and J. M. Cumming. 1984. A character analysis of the North American potter wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae; Eumeninae). Journal of Natural History 19:877-916.

Cave , R. D., and M. J. Gaylor. 1987. Antennal sensilla of male and female Telenomus reynoldsi (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae). International Journal of Insect Morphology and Embryology 16:27-39.

Chang-Ti Tang et al. (in prep) Twelve new species of Dryocosmus Giraud gallwasps from Taiwan and mainland China (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae: Cynipini)

Chapman, R. F. 1998. The insects: structure and function 4th edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, New York, Melbourne 770 pp.


Cockerell, T. 1924. Notes on the structure of Bees. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 26:77-85.

Crampton, G. 1914. Notes on the thoracic sclerites of winged insects. Entomological News (Philadelphia) 25:15-25.

Crampton, G. 1914. On the misuse of the terms parapteron, hypopteron, tegula, squamula, patagium and scapula. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 22:248-261.

Crampton, G. 1923. A comparison of the labium in certain Holometabolous insects from the standpoint of phylogeny. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 25:171-180.

Crampton, G. C. 1909. A contribution to the comparative morphology of the thoracic sclerites of insects. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 61:3-54.

Crampton, G. C. 1919. The genitalia and terminal abdominal structures of males, and the terminal structures of the larvae of ‘chalastogastrous’ Hymenoptera. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 21:129-151.

Crampton, G. C. 1926. A Phylogenetic Study of the Thoracic Sclerites of the Psychodoid Diptera, with Remarks on the Interrelationships of the Nematocera. Entomological News (Philadelphia) 2:33-39.

Crosskey, R. W. 1951. The morphology, taxonomy, and biology of the British Evanioidea (Hymenoptera). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 102:247-301.

Crosskey, R. W. 1962. THE CLASSIFICATION OF THE GASTERUPTIIDAE (HYMENOPTERA). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 114:377-402.

Csősz, S., and A. Schulz. 2010. A taxonomic review of the Palaearctic Tetramorium ferox species-complex (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) Zootaxa, 2401: 1-29. Zootaxa 2401:1-29.

Csősz, S., H. Wagner, M. Bozsó, B. Seifert, W. Arthofer, B. Schlick-Steiner, F. Steiner, and Z. Pénzes. 2014. Tetramorium indocile Santschi, 1927 stat rev is the proposed scientific name for Tetramorium sp C sensu Schlick-Steiner et al (2006) based on combined molecular and morphological evidence (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) Zoologischer Anzeiger 253:469-481 . Zoologischer Anzeiger 253:469-481.

Csősz, S., J. Heinze, and I. Mikó. 2015. Taxonomic Synopsis of the Ponto-Mediterranean Ants of Temnothorax nylanderi Species-Group. PLoS ONE 10:e0140000.

Curators, H. A. O. 2009. The Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology Curation Team. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.

Curators. 2010. Gibson, Vilhelmsen, Seltmann, Bertone, Yoder, Miko muscle working group..

Daly, H. 1964. Skeleto-muscular morphogenesis in the thorax of the Hymenoptera. International Congress of Entomology Proceedings 12:151-151.

Dangerfield, P. A., A. Austin, and G. Baker. 2001. Biology, ecology and systematics of Australian Scelio, wasp parasitoids of locust and grasshopper eggs. CSIRO, Collingwood, Victoria.

Darling, D. C. 1988. Comparative morphology of the labrum in Hymenoptera, the digitate labrum of Perilampidae and Eucharitidae. Canadian Journal of Zoology 6612:2811-2835.

Deans, A. R. 2009. HAO curator..

Deans, A. R., H. H. Basibuyuk, D. Azar, and A. Nel. 2004. Descriptions of two new Early Cretaceous (Hauterivian) ensign wasp genera (Hymenoptera: Evaniidae) from Lebanese amber. Cretaceous Research 25: 509-516.

Dessart P (1966) Contribution a l'etude des Hymenopteres Proctotrupoidea. (XI) Revision des Ceraphronidae d'Afrique orientale decrits par l'Abbe Jaen-Jacques Kieffer. Bulletin de l'Institute Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique 42(19): 1-30

Dessart P (1978) Four new species of African Ceraphronidae (Hymenoptera). Journal of the Entomological Society of South Africa 41: 275-284

Dessart P (1991) Considerations sur le genre Synarsis Foerster, 1878 (Hym. Ceraphronoidea Ceraphronidae). Bulletin et Annales de la Societe Royale Belge d'Entomologie 127: 385-400.

Dessart P (1992) L’organe Waterston des Ceraphronidea (Hymenoptera Ceraphronoidea). Bulletin et Annales de la Societe Royale Belge d’Entomologie 128: 203-212.

Dessart P (1994b) Hymenoptera Ceraphronoidea nouveaux ou peu connus. Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique Entomologie 64: 49-103.

Dessart P (1995b) Revision de deux Ceraphronoides decrits par A. A. Ogloblin (Hymenoptera). Bulletin et Annales de la Societe Royale Belge d'Entomologie 131: 295-303.

Dessart P (1996) Hymenoptera Ceraphronoidea nouveaux ou peu connus (no 2). Bulletin et Annales de la Societe Royale Belge d'Entomologie 132: 45-62.

Dessart P (2001) Les Megaspilinae ni européens, ni américains 2. Les Dendrocerus RATZEBURG, 1852, à mâles non flabellicornés (Hymenoptera Ceraphronoidea Megaspilidae). Belgian Journal of Entomology 3: 3-124.

Dessart P, Gärdenfors U (1985) Dendrocerus paradoxus n. sp. et D. ulmicola n. sp. (Hym. Ceraphronoidea Megaspilidae), deux nouveaux hyperparasites palearctiques de pucerons. Bulletin et Annales de la Societe Royale Belge d'Entomologie 121: 197-211.

Desvignes, T. 1856. Catalogue of British Ichneumonidae in the collection of the British Museum .London. 120 pp.

Dew, K. 2012. Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.

Dewitz, H. 1875. Über Bau und Entwicklung des Stachels und der Legesheide einiger Hymenopteren und der grünen Heuschrecke. Zeitschrift für Wissenschaftliche Zoologie 25:174-200.

Dhillon, S. 1966. Morphology and Biology of Athalia proxima Klug (Tenthredinidae, Hymenoptera). Aligarh Muslim University Publications (Zoological Series) on Indian Insect Types 7:1-170.

Diller, E. H. 1980. Klärung einiger Taxa der Gattung Sussaba Cameron, 1909 (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonide, Diplazontinae). Entomofauna, Zeitschrift für Entomologie 1:58-64.

Dobzhansky, T. 1929. The influence of the quantity and quality of chromosomal material on the size of the cells in Drosophila melanogaster. Development Genes and Evolution 115:363-379.

Dodd, A. P. 1927. Notes on parasitic Hymenoptera from Australia, with descriptions of new species. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 9:63-75.

Dufour, L. 1841. Recherches anatomiques et physiologiques sur Orthoptères, les Hyménoptères et les Névroptères. Memoires de l'Académie des Sciences de l'Institut Impérial de France 7:265-647.

Dufour, L. J. M. 1854. Recherches anatomiques sur les Hyménopteres de la famille des Urocérates. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Serie 4 1:201-236.

Duncan, C. D. 1939. A contribution to the biology of North American vespine wasps. Stanford University Publications, Biological Sciences 8:1-233.

Eickwort. G. C. 1969. A comparative morphological study and generic revision of the augochlorine bees (Hymenoptera: Halictidae). Univ. Kans. Sci. BulL Vol. 48: 325-524.

Emery, C. 1900. Intorno al torace delle formiche e particolarmente dei neutri. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 32:103-119.

Enslin, E. 1912. Die Tenthredinoidea Mitteleuropas. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, Berlin, Beihefte 1-7:1-790.

Ernst, A. F. 2009. Curator. Hymenoptera Ontology.

Ernst, A., I. Mikó, and A. R. Deans. 2013. Morphology and function of the ovipositor mechanism in Ceraphronoidea (Hymenoptera: Apocrita). Journal of Hymenoptera Research.

Escherich, K. 1906. Ueber die Biologie der Ameisen. Zoologisches Zentralblatt 13:405-440.

Ettershank, G. 1966. A generic revision of the world Myrmicinae related to Solenopsis and Pheidologeton (Hymenoptera : Formicidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 14:73-171.

Eugene Hall, W. 2000. Family 17: Ptiliidae. Pp. 233-246 in: American Beetles: Archostemata, Myxophaga, Adephaga, Polyphaga: Staphyliniformia. Arnett, R. H., Thomas, M. C. (eds.) CRC Press,Boca Raton. 464 pp.

Evans, H. E. 1950. A taxonomic study of the Nearctic spider wasps belonging to the tribe Pompilini (Hymenoptera: Pompilidae) Part I. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 75:133-370.

Evans, H. E. 1963. A revision of the Apenesia in the Americas (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard 130:249-359.

Evans, H. E. 1964. A synopsis of the American Bethylidae (Hymenoptera, Aculeata). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard 132:1-222.

Evans, H. E. 1987. Chapter 27 Order Hymenoptera. Pp. 597-710 in: Immature Insects, vol. 1 (F. W. Stehr, ed.). Kendal/Hunt,Dubuque, Iowa. 754 pp.

Evans, J. M. 1963. The phylogeny of the Homoptera. Annual Review of Entomology 8:77-94.


Fenger, H. 1863. Anatomie und Physiologie des Giftapparates bei den Hymenopteren. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 29:139-178.

Fennah, R. G. 1959. Delphacidae from the Lesser Antilles (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea). Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History, Entomology 8:245-265.

Fisher, B. L., and M. A. Smith. 2008. A revision of Malagasy species of Anochetus Mayr and Odontomachus Latreille (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). PLoS ONE 3:e1787.

Forbes, T. 1924. The occurrence of nygmata in the wings of Insecta Holometabola. Entomological News (Philadelphia) 35:230-232.

Ford, F. C., and J. Forbes. 1980. Anatomy of the male reproductive system of the adults and pupae of the doryline ants Dorylus (Anomma) wilvorthi Emery and D (A) nigricans Illiger. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 88:133-142.

Forel, A. 1874. Les fourmis de la Suisse. Soc. Helvetique Sci. Natur. Mem. 26: 452 pp.

Forshage, M. 2009. Systematics of Eucoilini Exploring the diversity of poorly known group of cynipoid parasitic wasps. , , pp.

Forshage, M., and G. Nordlander. 2008. Identification key to European genera of Eucoilinae (Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea, Figitidae). 39:341-359.

Fox, W. M. J. 1893. Descriptions of new Aculeate Hymenoptera. Psyche 6:553-556.

Franklin, H. J. 1912. The Bombidae of the New World. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 39:73-200.

Frantsevich, L., and S. Gorb. 2004. Structure and mechanics of the tarsal chain in the hornet, Vespa crabro (Hymenoptera: Vespidae): implications on the attachment mechanism. Arthropod Structure & Development 33:77-89.

Frontal-Cazalla, F., M. Buffington , G. Nordlander, J. Liljeblad, P. Ros-Farré, J. Nieves-Aldrey, J. Pujade-Villar, and F. Ronquist. 2002. Phylogeny of the Eucoilinae (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Figitidae). Cladistics 18:154-199.

Fülöp, D., Z. Pénzes, K. Seltmann, J. Pujade-Villar, J. Paretaz-Martínez, I. Mikó, and G. Melika. 2013. The description of Alloxysta chinensis, a new Charipinae species from China (Hymenoptera, Figitidae). Zootaxa 3637:394-400.

Gauld, I. D. 1991. Th e Ichneumonidae of Costa Rica, 1 . Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 47:1-589.

Gauld, I. D., and D. B. Wahl. 2010. Genera Ichneumonorum Nearcticae: http://wwwamentinstorg/GIN/..

Gauld, I. D., Bolton, B. (eds.). 1988. The Hymenoptera. Oxford University Press and British Museum (Natural History), Oxford 332 pp.

GAULD, I., and P. MITCHELL. 1976. The ichneumonid genus Pseudanomalon (Hymenoptera). Systematic Entomology 1:117-122.

Georgios, G. 2015. PATO - Phenotypic Quality Ontology.. Global URI not provided.

Gess, F. W. 1998. Priscomasaris namibiensis Gess, a new genus and species of Masarinae (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) from Namibia, southern Africa, with a discussion of its position within the subfamily. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 7:296-304.

Gibson , G. A. P., and J. T. Huber. 1987. Chalcid Forum. Chalcid Forum 8:1-21.

Gibson , G. A. P., J. D. Read , and R. Fairchild. 1998. Chalcid wasps (Chalcidoidea): illustrated glossary of positional and morphological terms ..

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