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mx id: 8209 | OBO id: HAO:0001523 | URI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0001523
frons synonyms: face, front
Defined (both definition and relationships must be met)
Definition:
The area that is between the epistomal line and the anterior ocellus and limited laterally by the inner margin of compound eye.
written by: Miko, I. 2009. -2019 Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.

Relationships / properties:
The frons is a area.
The frons is part of the cranium. The frons is part of the cuticle.

Figures
Opius dissitus Muesebeck

Label usage (sensu)
frons by Miko, I. 2009. -2019 Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.
frons by Snodgrass, R. E. 1935. Principles of insect morphology. McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., New York & London 667 pp.
frons by Bigelow, R. S. 1954. MORPHOLOGY OF THE FACE IN THE HYMENOPTERA. Canadian Journal of Zoology 32:378-392.
face by Karlsson, D., and F. Ronquist. 2012. Skeletal Morphology of Opius dissitus and Biosteres carbonarius, with a Discussion of Terminology and Morphological Variation in Opiinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). PLoS ONE 7:1-38.
frons by hao@lists.hymenopterists.org. 2013. [Hao] What's the preferred term?..
frons by Kirby, W., and W. Spencer. 1828. An introduction to Entomology: or elements of the natural history of insects. Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown & Green, London 732 pp.
front by Nichols, S. W. (eds.). 1989. The Torre-Bueno Glossary of Entomology. New York Entomological Society and the American Museum of Natural History, New York.
Comments and tags
alternative definition added over 7 years ago by Kelly Dew
The entire region from the epistomal sulcus and up to the median ocellus, delimited laterally by the compound eye and the malar grooves.
  Reference: Karlsson, D., and F. Ronquist. 2012. Skeletal Morphology of Opius dissitus and Biosteres carbonarius, with a Discussion of Terminology and Morphological Variation in Opiinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). PLoS ONE 7:1-38.
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added over 8 years ago by Istvan Miko
The facial area of the cranium between the frontal and epistomal sutures, or the corresponding area when the sutures are absent, bearing the median ocellus and the origins of the labral muscles.
  Reference: Snodgrass, R. E. 1935. Principles of insect morphology. McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., New York & London 667 pp.
  Cross reference: None provided.


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