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mx id: 655 | OBO id: HAO:0001044 | URI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0001044
upper face synonyms: frons, frontal area, supra-antennal area
Defined (both definition and relationships must be met)
Definition:
The area that is located dorsally of the ventral margin of the antennal rim and ventrally of the anterior ocellus medial to the inner margins of the eye and malar line.
written by: Miko, I. 2009. -2014 Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.

Relationships / properties:
The upper face is a area.
The upper face is part of the cuticle. The upper face is part of the face.

Figures
Megalyridae
Chalcididae

Label usage (sensu)
upper face by Gibson, G. A. P. 1997. Morphology and terminology. Pp. 16-44 in: Annotated keys to the genera of Neartctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Gibson, G. A. P., Huber, J. T., Wooley, J. B. (eds.) NRC Research Press,Ottawa. 794 pp.
frons by Sharkey, M.J. and R.A. Wharton 1997. Morphology and terminology. Pages 19-38. In: Wharton, R.A., P.M. Marsh, and M.J. Sharkey (Eds), Manual of the New World genera of Braconidae (Hymenoptera). Special Publication of the International Society of Hymenopterists. Vol. 1: 1-439 pp.
frons by Curators, H. A. O. 2009. The Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology Curation Team. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.
supra-antennal area by Curators, H. A. O. 2009. The Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology Curation Team. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.
supra-antennal area by Michener, C. D. 2000. The Bees of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, USA 913 pp.
frontal area by Leponce, M., T. Delsinne , Y. Laurent, J. Cillis, I. Bachy, A. Heughebaert, P. Desmet, and N. Youdjou. 2010. RBINS Ant eMuseum Paraguay Collection Glossary. Availble at http://projects.biodiversity.be/ants/.
upper face by Miko, I. 2009. -2014 Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.
Comments and tags
alternative definition added about 7 years ago by Istvan Miko
Region of the face above the toruli; sometimes called the frons.
  Reference: Gibson , G. A. P., J. D. Read , and R. Fairchild. 1998. Chalcid wasps (Chalcidoidea): illustrated glossary of positional and morphological terms ..
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added about 7 years ago by Istvan Miko
Part of the anterior or dorsal part of the head, between the median ocellus and the antennal sockets.
  Reference: Sharkey, M.J. and R.A. Wharton 1997. Morphology and terminology. Pages 19-38. In: Wharton, R.A., P.M. Marsh, and M.J. Sharkey (Eds), Manual of the New World genera of Braconidae (Hymenoptera). Special Publication of the International Society of Hymenopterists. Vol. 1: 1-439 pp.
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added about 7 years ago by Istvan Miko
The facial area of the cranium between the frontal and epistomal sutures, or the corresponding area when the sutures are absent, bearing the median ocellus and the origins of the labral muscles.
  Reference: Snodgrass, R. E. 1935. Principles of insect morphology. McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., New York & London 667 pp.
  Cross reference: None provided.


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