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mx id: 486 | OBO id: HAO:0000394 | URI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000394
hamulus synonyms: frenal hook
Defined (both definition and relationships must be met)
Definition:
The seta that is located on the anterior margin of the hind wing and interlocks with the recurved posterior edge of the fore wing in Hymenoptera during flight, making them functionally one winged.
written by: Miko, I. 2009. -2014 Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.

Relationships / properties:
The hamulus is a seta.
The hamulus is part of the body. The hamulus is part of the hind wing. The hamulus is part of the integument.

Figures
Pison chilense
Biosteres carbonarius

Label usage (sensu)
hamulus by Gibson , G. A. P., J. D. Read , and R. Fairchild. 1998. Chalcid wasps (Chalcidoidea): illustrated glossary of positional and morphological terms ..
hamulus by Goulet, H., and J. T. Huber. 1993. Hymenoptera of the World: An Identification Guide to Families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada Publication 1894/E., Ottawa, ON 668 pp.
hamulus by Basibuyuk, H. H., and D. L. J. Quicke. 1997. Hamuli in the Hymenoptera (Insecta) and their phylogenetic implications . Journal of Natural History 31:1563-1585.
hamulus by Miko, I. 2009. -2014 Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.
frenal hook by Masner, L., and L. Huggert. 1989. World review and keys to genera of the subfamily Inostemmatinae with reassignment of the taxa to the Platygastrinae and Sceliotrachelinae (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae). Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada 147:1-124.
hamulus by Karlsson, D., and F. Ronquist. 2012. Skeletal Morphology of Opius dissitus and Biosteres carbonarius (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), with a Discussion of Terminology. PLoS ONE 7:e32573.
Comments and tags
alternative definition added over 7 years ago by Istvan Miko
Hamuli are hook-like setae on the anterior margin of the hind wing which interlock with the recurved posterior edge of the fore wing in the Hymenoptera during flight, making them functionally two winged.
  Reference: Basibuyuk, H. H., and D. L. J. Quicke. 1997. Hamuli in the Hymenoptera (Insecta) and their phylogenetic implications . Journal of Natural History 31:1563-1585.
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added over 7 years ago by Istvan Miko
Curved or hook-like setae on the leading edge of the hind wing that are used to grasp the retinaculum of the forewing to couple the forewing and hind wing together during flight.
  Reference: Gibson , G. A. P., J. D. Read , and R. Fairchild. 1998. Chalcid wasps (Chalcidoidea): illustrated glossary of positional and morphological terms ..
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added over 7 years ago by Istvan Miko
One of a series of small bristle-like hooks on the anterior margin of the hind wing; in some groups there may be a basal and an apical series of hamuli.
  Reference: Goulet, H., and J. T. Huber. 1993. Hymenoptera of the World: An Identification Guide to Families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada Publication 1894/E., Ottawa, ON 668 pp.
  Cross reference: None provided.


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