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mx id: 1699 | OBO id: HAO:0000694 | URI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000694
parapsidal signum synonyms: additional lateral suture, additional parapsidal suture, additional suture, adlateral line, lateral longitudinal suture, lateral scutal lines, parapsidal furrow, parapsidal line, parapsides sulcus, paraside, sekundare Parapsiden, sekundare Parapsidenfurchen, suture parassidiali
Defined (both definition and relationships must be met)
Definition:
The signum that is located between the notaulus and the parascutal carina and corresponds to the site of origin of the dorsoventral indirect flight muscle.
written by: Miko, I. 2009. -2019 Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.

Relationships / properties:
The parapsidal signum is a signum.
The parapsidal signum is part of the cuticle. The parapsidal signum is part of the mesoscutum. The parapsidal signum is part of the sclerite.

Figures
Scelionidae

Label usage (sensu)
parapsidal signum by Ronquist, F., and G. Nordlander. 1989. Skeletal morphology of an archaic cynipoid, Ibalia rufipes (Hymenoptera: Ibaliidae). Entomologica Scandinavica, Supplement 33:1-60.
parapsidal line by Gibson , G. A. P., J. D. Read , and R. Fairchild. 1998. Chalcid wasps (Chalcidoidea): illustrated glossary of positional and morphological terms ..
parapsidal furrow by Curators, H. A. O. 2009. The Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology Curation Team. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.
parapsidal furrow by Snodgrass, R. E. 1935. Principles of insect morphology. McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., New York & London 667 pp.
parapsidal line by Miko, I. 2009. -2019 Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.
parapsidal furrow by Tulloch, G. 1929. The proper use of the terms parapsides and parapsidal furrows . Psyche 36:376-382.
parapsides sulcus by Masner, L. 1958. A new genus of Proctotrupidae from Japan (Hymenoptera: Proctotrupoidea) . Beiträge zur Entomologie 8:477-481.
suture parassidiali by Emery, C. 1900. Intorno al torace delle formiche e particolarmente dei neutri. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 32:103-119.
sekundare Parapsiden by Weber, H. 1933. Lehrbuch der Entomologie. Hamburg u. Berlin, Parey, , 633 pp.
sekundare Parapsidenfurchen by Keller, s. 1963. Entomologisches Wörterbuch. Akademie Verlag, 774 pp.
additional suture by Rasnitsyn, A. 1969. Origin and evolution of Lower Hymenoptera. Trudy Paleontologicheskogo Instituta. Akademia nauk SSSR. 123:1-196.
lateral longitudinal suture by Rasnitsyn, A. 1975. Higher Hymenoptera of the Mesozoic. Trudy Paleontologicheskogo Instituta. Akademia nauk SSSR. 147:1-130.
adlateral line by Rasnitsyn, A. 1975. Higher Hymenoptera of the Mesozoic. Trudy Paleontologicheskogo Instituta. Akademia nauk SSSR. 147:1-130.
additional lateral suture by Rasnitsyn, A. 1980. Origin and evolution of Hymenoptera. Akademiia nauk SSSR. Trudy Paleozoologicheskogo [later Paleontologicheskii] Instituta 174:1-190.
lateral scutal lines by Rasnitsyn, A. 1988. An outline of evolution of the Hymenopterous insects (Order Vespida). Oriental Insects 22:115-145.
additional parapsidal suture by Brodsky, A. K. 1992. Structure, functioning and evolution of tergum in alate insects II: Peculiarities of organization of a wing-bearing tergal plate in insects of different orders. Entomological Review 71:20-28.
paraside by Vilhelmsen, L. B., I. Miko, and L. Krogmann. 2010. Beyond the wasp waist: structural diversity and phylogenetic significance of the mesosoma in apocritan wasps (Insecta: Hymenoptera). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society [=Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology] 159:22-194.
parapsidal line by Michener, C. D. 1944. Comparative external morphology, phylogeny, and a classification of the bees (Hymenoptera). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 82:151-326.
Comments and tags
alternative definition added over 10 years ago by Istvan Miko
Differentiated line or band of sculpture anteriorly on each mesoscutal lateral lobe; the parapsidal lines are external indications of the lines of attachment of the dorsoventral flight muscles in the pharate pupa; in much of the early chalcid literature the term parapsidal furrow referred to what is now accepted as the notaulus.
  Reference: Gibson , G. A. P., J. D. Read , and R. Fairchild. 1998. Chalcid wasps (Chalcidoidea): illustrated glossary of positional and morphological terms ..
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added almost 11 years ago by Istvan Miko
Pair of shallow lines on posterior half of mesoscutum, between notaulus and humeral sulcus.
  Reference: Masner, L., and J. L. García. 2002. The genera of Diapriinae (Hymenoptera: Diapriidae) in the new world. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 268:107-138.
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added almost 12 years ago by Doug Yanega
short shallow lines on the mesoscutum between the midline and the tegulae, slightly anterior to tegula
  Reference: Michener, C. D. 2000. The Bees of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, USA 913 pp.
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added almost 11 years ago by Istvan Miko
Lateral groove divergent anteriorly in the posterior part of the scutum of the mesothorax.
  Reference: Snodgrass, R. E. 1935. Principles of insect morphology. McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., New York & London 667 pp.
  Cross reference: None provided.


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